A flock of native occupants of the south-central parts of Chile and the southwest Argentina, MAPUCHE refers to a diversity of ethnicity, sharing social, economic as well as religious structure. This group of diversified ethnicity even shares the legacy of linguistics in common. Once, this group has great influence over the land that extends between Aconcagua River to the Archipelago of CHILOE and at a later stage it included the eastern flanks of Argentina as well. Though the majority of this flock concentrates in Araucaria, a significant count of these natives moved to Santiago In the quest for better economic opportunities.
Overview of the Mapuche history
Archeological expeditions and its findings have accounted for the fact that the MAPUCHE culture was well established in Chile even during the span between 600 and 500 BC. This is a significant instance to prove the legacy of the MAPUCHE lands and its indigenous culture. However, these flocks have elementary differences from the inhabitants of Patagonia that accounts for a different origination or an extensive separation between these two flocks of ethnicity. There are proven instances that the Inca Empire had reached till the Maule River and even the native had a fight with the invaders. By the time the Spaniards put its first step on the Chilean soil, the concentration of the population was mainly at the region between Itata River and the Chiloe Archipelago.
The Arauco War
The war that was fought between the Spaniards and the natives during the early fifteenth century is considered one of the significant landmarks in the history of MAPUCHE. This war was fought between the approaching Spanish troops and the tribes that were from the northern flank of the landmass. The natives were unsuccessful to defend their motherlands and by 1553, the Spaniards established their supremacy over the entire landmass.
Incorporation of the landmass with Argentina and Chile
During the 19th Century, Chile put up significant endeavors to extend their territorial expansion. A Chilean colony was established in 1843 at the Magellan strait. Subsequently, the Chilean annexed the Easter Island. Similar endeavors were attempted by the Argentinean, who also established their colonies over this landmass. Eventually, the entire landmass got incorporated, either with the Argentine or the Chilean landmass.
An account of changes in the social and economic perspectives
With the incorporation of the landmass with the Argentine and Chilean territories, there came up significant changes in the social and economic orientation of the MAPUCHE Land. People shifted to agriculture and timber extraction as their principal occupation from an economy that was initially based on animal rearing.
The cultural changes
It is said that the Argentine and the Chilean cultural life of modern days have been greatly influenced by the indigenous culture of the natives of the MAPUCHE land. Similarly, there have been cultural exchanges between the Spaniards and the MAPUCHE natives. Subsequently, there have been cultural exchanges between the MAPUCHE land and the other European nations, through the Spanish influence. These exchanges of culture have added values to the indigenous culture of the MAPUCHE lands as well as the Latin American and the European nations