When discussing the nation and its history, it is not possible to completely understand or relate to it without looking into the culture, religion and general outlook of this nation. This is the reason why I decided to dedicate a blog post to the Mapuche culture that might help us understand why certain things have occurred in their history.
The people of Mapuche spiritual belief is very closely connected to their natural environment and their land which means a lot to them. The life power originates with the grace of a divine power that consists of four parts known as Ngunechen, Ngunemapun, Elchen and Elmapun that create and sustain nature and man.
It is believed that this set of spirituals powers exists to be in permanent interaction between the power of bad and good. These powers represent themselves or in chaos, uncertainty and destruction or they present themselves in harmony and order, thereby punishing or supporting nature and people.
The people that represent the Mapuche nation are very religious. Special power, known as Machi is constantly guiding them. They have spiritual leaders (women for the most part) who are the communication mediums with the spiritual powers. The main aim is to maintain the harmony and fight against the malicious power of evil (known as Wekufe). The supernatural power of Machi is complemented by the sacred drum called Kultrum that they possess. The drum is played during their prayers and other religious activities.
The Machis have different categories, such as being strictly spiritual or invested to make people sick through the spell or cure them. The concept of Mapuche vision of the world is represented in a symbol, called Kultrun. It explains the essence of the world of Mapuche and represents whole bunch of other complex information.
Even though the Mapuche people are extremely religious, their beliefs aren’t aiming to convert others. They hold the religious ceremonies (Nguillatun) every three or four years. They are conducted very privately and the outsiders are never encouraged to join or participate.
It is a widespread belief that nor animal, man, nor even the most insignificant insect, was able to live without the grace of the greater spirit. For Mapuche it comprises the combination of the celestial family, named above, from which the Mapuche family is enriched. These beliefs are transferred from one generation to another.
The man is viewed as an integral part of nature, interconnected with all the element that surround him or her. The Mapuche people always try to follow ethical and moral commitment to society. On top of that, they show their respect nature to the extend where prior to using offerings of nature, whether they be animals or fruits, they are first asking for permission to use that gift and then thank for this opportunity.
In other blog posts I am continuing the topic of Mapuche people and their difficult history in this world. Read more about the history, language, traditions and where to find out more in my next blog posts.